Agnes Muthoni Nyaga


Students are important in any education system. They are the basic component for any school to be registered by the Ministry of Education. However the retention of these students within the education system is a great challenge. Female students face a lot of challenges within the school and outside the school such as lack of school fees, examination pass marks and discrimination at home and in school, which lead to drop out from school. The study therefore sought to establish the factors leading to drop out among female students in Runyenjes division, Embu East District. The objectives of the study were to estimate the independent and dependent factors leading to students drop out of school. The study employed descriptive survey research design. Stratified random sampling was used to select the boarding and mixed day schools where the girls sample came from. A sample of 78 form four girls, 5 class teachers and 5 head teachers formed the respondent in this study. The Area Education Officer was purposefully sampled. The study employed questionnaires and interview schedule as instruments for data collection. The validity and of the questionnaires was enhanced through pilot study in two schools outside division. Validity of the instrument was done by supervisors and examiners in Department of Education. Research permit was sought from National Council of Science and Technology and introduction letter from the DEO and DC to carry out the study. Data collected was coded cleaned and categorized manually by researcher transferred to computer sheet and processed by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The data was then analyzed using frequency distribution tables and percentages, for all items. The study established that there were students who drop out of secondary school due to: pregnancy 51% lack of school fees 40% and mistreatment by teacher 5%. The form 2 class registered the highest number of drop out of 60%. The conclusion from the findings is that female drop out from school is a reality. The study recommends enhancing of guidance and counseling in schools, Provision of bursaries to girls, community sensitization on the importance of girl child education, girls encouraged to enroll back to school after delivery, capacity building for the head teachers and teachers, provision of bursaries and proper monitoring of schools by all stake holders. The implementation of the recommendations by all stakeholders will enhance retention and smooth transition of female students in secondary school


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