An Assessment of Agricultural Revolution for Development and Social Integration in Global Perspective

Job Mulati Chebai

Department of Arts and Humanities Chuka University

ABSTRACT

The agricultural revolution for development study is a historical survey that evaluates the role of agriculture in mainstreaming players in the industry. The study was premised on the background that besides societal transformations that accompanied agricultural revolution, it set in motion a broad spectrum of social exclusion since Neolithic period. The overall objective assessed agricultural revolution for development and social inclusivity. Specific objectives examined the nature and dynamics of agricultural revolution, challenges to agricultural revolution and examination of measures for social inclusion to enhance sustainable agricultural development. The study was informed by articulation of mode of production theory. The researcher applied historical and descriptive research designs. Data collection instruments involved observations and semi-structured interviews. Primary data entailed visiting archaeological sites to observe ancient agricultural tools while Secondary data involved documentary analyses, journals, theses, books, professional magazines, reports, and relevant internet sources. The gathered data was analyzed qualitatively. The study findings were as follows; agricultural revolution excluded women, youths, people with  disability and the poor, technological transformation divided society into owners of the means of production and the farm workers, agricultural serfdom attitude of the medieval period influenced the role of the youths and agriculture trained professionals with regard to practicing agriculture and finally agricultural revolution has been a vehicle for domestication of  man, plants, animals, knowledge and ultimately industrial revolution,. The study recommends broad based policies that capture social inclusivity, bottom -up approaches to agricultural revolution, affordable and appropriate technological innovations that are in tandem with consumer needs. In conclusion, agricultural social inclusion is a catalyst to sustainable agricultural revolution for rural and urban development.

Key words: agriculture, development, revolution, mainstreaming, social exclusion and social inclusion.

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