Determination of Plasmodium Parasite Life Stages and Species in Images of Thin Blood Smears Using Artificial Neural NetworkStages and Species in Images of Thin Blood Smears Using Artificial Neural Network

Abstract
Malaria is a leading cause of deaths globally. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of the disease is key to its effective treatment and management. Identification of plasmodium parasites life stages and species forms part of the diagnosis. In this study, a technique for identifying the parasites life stages and species using microscopic images of thin blood smears stained with Giemsa was devel-oped. The technique entailed designing and training Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifiers to perform the classification of infected erythrocytes into their respective stages and species. The outputs of the system were compared to the results of expert microscopists. A total of 205 infected erythrocytes images were used to train and test the performance of the system. The system rec-orded 99.9% in recognizing stages and 96.2% in recognizing plasmodium species. 

Keywords Plasmodium, Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Classifier, RGB, Train Set, Target

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